ERIC Number: ED187771
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Health Status and Use of Medical Services; Evidence on the Poor, the Black, and the Rural Elderly.
Paringer, Lynn; And Others
This paper focuses on health status and medical service utilization among three subgroups of the elderly population: the poor, the black, and the rural elderly. Economic and demographic characteristics of the elderly are discussed. Available evidence is examined on the relationship between these characteristics and health status to determine whether certain subgroups of the elderly are especially susceptible to health problems and have above average needs for care. Also considered is whether income, race, and place of residence are significantly related to medical care use among individuals with similar health needs. Data presented indicate that the elderly are not homogeneous with respect to their health status. Further, income and race are found to be significantly correlated with health status, though place of residence (urban or rural) is not. Data on medical care utilization demonstrate inequities in the use of care. In particular, blacks, low income groups, and residents of rural areas use less medical care than is commensurate with their health status. These results indicate that despite substantial expenditures and the fact that current programs have succeeded in increasing the elderly's use of medical care relative to the nonelderly, inequities in access to health care for the elderly still exist. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Blacks, Delivery Systems, Demography, Health Needs, Health Services, Low Income Groups, Medical Care Evaluation, Older Adults, Racial Differences, Rural Population, Rural Urban Differences, Statistical Data, Urban Population
Publications Office, The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037 (Stock Number URI 24800; $5.50).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. Commission on Aging.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.