ERIC Number: ED187770
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jan
Reference Count: 0
An Ecological Approach to the Study of School Effectiveness.
Ogbu, John U.
In this paper, the school is viewed as an institution used by members of society to help them to adapt to their environment. Examined are (1) relations between the school and other immediate settings, such as the home, preschool and day care programs, informal groups, children's extracurricular organizations and summer experiences; and (2) relations between the school and more remote settings, such as parents' working conditions and social life, neighborhood characteristics, inter-parental relations, and teachers' social lives, networks, and labor unions. In Part One, the "ecological framework" is outlined as it applies to the study of school effectiveness. Part Two addresses ecological factors influencing school effectiveness among stratified groups, arguing that racial and class stratification have different ecological consequences for learning processes and outcomes. This section focuses principally on educational problems of black Americans. In Part Three, the ecological analysis is extended to other American minorities and then to minorities in other societies. It is shown how similar ecological niches occupied by culturally diverse groups produce similar effects on their learning processes and outcomes. The final section of the paper suggests potential areas of research into the ecological factors influencing school effectiveness. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper prepared for the School Organization and Effects Conference (National Institute of Education, Washington, D.C., January 27-29, 1978).