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ERIC Number: ED187762
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Critical Thinking as an Educational Ideal.
Critical thinking is defined as the ability and willingness to be objective, impartial, and non-arbitrary, based on evidence. It is crucial to ethical instruction, study of theory, teaching methods, and training in skills or abilities. There are three reasons why critical thinking is an educational ideal: (1) it influences teachers to respect students' rights to question and challenge instruction; (2) it prepares students for self-sufficiency as adults; and (3) it introduces rational traditions of science, history, literature, the arts, and mathematics. A possible argument against the justification of critical thinking as an educational ideal is that all educational ideals are political in two senses: every educational ideal has political ramifications; and every educational ideal is politically biased, and so the acceptance of any ideal is a function of prior political commitment. These arguments fail because educational ideals can be independently supported on both moral and educational grounds. Practical and philosophical topics for research are suggested. (CP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).