ERIC Number: ED187727
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Local Uses of Title I Evaluations.
David, Jane L.
A survey of administrators, teachers, and parents in 15 Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I school districts indicated that evaluations are used locally to meet federal and state requirements, to inform parents and staff, and to confirm positive attitudes toward a program. Standardized achievement tests, the backbone of Title I evaluations, are viewed as inadequate for judging or improving programs. Respondents felt tests were biased and preferred other measures: skill-specific tests, observation, self-concept or attitude measures. Evaluations were not used to improve programs for several reasons: program stability; funds; politics; unavailability of results in time for decision making; differing information needs of federal, local, and state agencies. Respondents disliked evaluation and ignored negative results if they believed in a program. Until these underlying attitudes change, evaluation results, even if technically sound, will not be used. Of the two current federal strategies for Title I evaluation, an independent national study and a local-to-state-to-federal reporting scheme, the latter is more likely to be used. The federal government should be committed to increasing communication between program staff and evaluation staff, and to promoting evaluation among local staff. (CP)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Compensatory Education, Decision Making, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Needs, Informal Assessment, Information Utilization, Program Attitudes, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Improvement, School Districts, Standardized Tests
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budgeting, and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA. Educational Policy Research Center.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I