ERIC Number: ED187714
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Resource Utilization and Productivity in IGE Schools.
Rossmiller, Richard A.; And Others
Cost, resource utilization, and productivity were studied in 41 elementary schools using Individually Guided Education (IGE) and in 15 matched pairs of IGE and non-IGE schools. Instructional expenditures in IGE and non-IGE schools did not differ significantly. However, IGE teachers devoted significantly more time to individual instruction. A production function approach identified the input and process variables most related to achievement in reading and mathematics and student self-concept. Several variables were consistently related to student achievement: (1) teachers' involvement in a degree program; (2) years of teaching experience; (3) teachers' sex; (4) students' maturity; (5) students' social confidence; (6) teachers' perception of the principal's leadership; (7) teachers' job satisfaction; and (8) teachers' involvement in decision making. A set of 12 independent variables accounted for 78% of the variance in reading achievement and a similar set of 12 variables accounted for 71% of the variance in mathematics achievement; all of these variables were susceptible to control by teachers and administrators. Another similar set of 12 variables accounted for 72% of the variance in social confidence scores; these variables reflected the ambience of the school rather than specific instructional processes. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Resources, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Individual Instruction, Individualized Instruction, Input Output Analysis, Literature Reviews, Organizational Climate, Predictor Variables, Productivity, Reading Achievement, School District Spending, Self Esteem, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Influence, Time Factors (Learning)
Wisconsin Research and Development Center for Individualized Schooling, University of Wisconsin, 1025 West Johnson Street, Madison WI 53706 ($6.50)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Individualized Schooling.