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ERIC Number: ED187442
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Decontextualization in Symbolic Play.
Shore, Cecilia; Garrison, Andrew
This study investigates the ability of 13-month-old infants to use objects of varying degrees of realism in symbolic play and the genera1ization of this ability across different scene content. The effects of order of presentation of the task and of the behavioral coding scheme on the assessment of those abilities were also examined. Thirty male and female infants were shown scenes acted out with objects at each of four levels of abstraction (first, the real object; second, a tiny replica; third, an abstract object of the same general shape; and fourth, a placeholder object). For each object, order of presentation was varied by presenting all four levels of abstraction together in one experiment, and presenting them in semi-random order in another experiment. Nine different coding schemes were applied to the latter experiment to test the effects of coding scheme. Certain of these schemes were designed to manipulate three parameters: (1) spontaneous vs. imitated play, (2) level of quality of play demanded, and (3) use of target objects as opposed to props. Results indicated that order of presentation may affect assessment of the child's ability to generalize across scene content, but does not affect assessment of the child's capacity for object substitution. Different coding schemes affected assessment of the child's ability to deal with different kinds of scene content, but did not affect assessment of the child's ability to use objects of different degrees of abstraction. (SS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A