ERIC Number: ED187293
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: N/A
Review Processes: Assessing the Quality of Research Proposals.
National Commission on Research, Washington, DC.
Issues concerning review processes used to select research to be performed in universities and sunported by the federal government are discussed. Recommendations regarding review processes, with special emphasis on the peer review system, are offered. It is proposed that review processes serve government and researchers' purposes of assuring that taxpayer dollars have been invested in high quality research and that the judgments made leading to the investment in research have been equitable and discerning. Systems of review used by the following large funding agencies are briefly described: National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of Agriculture, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Some of the problems caused by the need for review processes are examined, as are criticisms of peer review in particular. (SW)
Descriptors: Accountability, Colleges, Evaluation Criteria, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Financial Support, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Peer Evaluation, Program Evaluation, Quality Control, Research Projects, Research Proposals, Universities
National Commission on Research, Suite 1003, 2600 Virginia Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20037 (free)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Commission on Research, Washington, DC.