ERIC Number: ED186969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Gender Differences in Perceptions of Female and Male Co-Interactants.
Macklin, Thomas; And Others
After 177 college students in 49 groups participated in group tasks, their perceptions of those groups and individuals in the groups were analyzed for gender differences. In the discriminant analysis of the three interpretable factors for perception of groups (group cohesiveness, power, and personality), gender was a predictor of an individual's perception of group climate. Females generally thought the group was cohesive regarding the task, that some individuals exhibited more power than others, and that participants were personable. Males tended to have the opposite viewpoints. Factor analyses of reactions to individual group members produced one interpretable factor, social competence, that accounted for 83% of the variance. When social competence was analyzed by gender, no substantial differences in factor structures were obtained. Both males and females rated females as more socially competent than males. Similar analyses for gender distinctions of task, group composition, and group size did not prove statistically significant. Evidently the type of people participating in the group discussions, not the structure of the situation, was important in deciding reactions to individual group members. (The anomaly of males and females having traditional perceptions for group climate yet undifferentiated perceptions for individuals is discussed.) (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association (71st, Ocean City, MD, April 24-26, 1980).