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ERIC Number: ED186955
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Man-Linked Words and Masculine Pronouns: A Review of Literature and Implications for Speech and Communication Teachers and Researchers.
Todd-Mancillas, William R.
Empirical studies that demonstrate probable gender biased perceptions resulting from the use of man-linked words and third-person, singular masculine pronouns are reviewed in this paper. Among the findings revealed by the review are: (1) there is a tendency for people to perceive man-linked words as more likely to refer to men than to women; (2) there is a tendency for people to perceive nonhuman-linked words as referring with approximately equal likelihood to both men and women; (3) the traditional generic "he" is not perceived as referring with equal likelihood to both male and female referents; (4) alternative pronoun constructions are perceived as neither more difficult to understand nor less esthetically pleasing than traditional generics; and (5) students may learn to model teachers' oral usage of nontraditional generics. The paper makes suggestions for the adoption of alternatives to masculine generics in speech and communication teaching and research reporting, as well as suggestions for research and development activities. (FL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association (71st, Ocean City, MD, April 24-26, 1980).