ERIC Number: ED186897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Invention in Argument.
Fahnestock, Jeanne; Secor, Marie
A genre approach to teaching the argumentative essay in composition classes has been developed. The need for this approach emanated from problems associated with the other methods of teaching persuasive discourse, such as the logical/analytic, content/problem solving, and rhetorical/generative approaches. The genre approach depends on the identification of four types of propositions: categorical propositions, causal statements, evaluations, and proposals. Practice in identifying and writing arguments for these statements provides a structure for learning that avoids extensive and unnecessary diversions into inductive and deductive logic, while keeping to the principles of sound reasoning. The teaching method progresses from simple, basic units (the categorical propositions) to the complex combined types (proposals), giving students structures they can fill with any kind of content. This classification of arguments into types can also be turned into a method of analyzing argumentative discourse. (RL)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference on College Composition and Communication (31st, Washington, DC, March 13-15, 1980).