ERIC Number: ED186861
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Text Processing: Effects of Summarization Frequency on Performance.
Spurlin, Joni E.; And Others
The effectiveness of different frequencies of summarization during studying and processing prose passages was compared. The 48 college students in the study were equally divided into a control group (normal study techniques), a frequent summarization group that created four noncumulative summaries at equally spaced intervals throughout the passage they read, and an infrequent summarization group that created only two noncumulative summaries. All the subjects read a 2,500 word excerpt from a geology textbook and were tested five days later. Although the frequent summarization group scored higher than the infrequent group when their summaries were analyzed, the infrequent group scored higher on the essays written during posttesting. Two possible explanations for these differences were that the groups engaged in quantitatively and qualitatively different cognitive processing, and that the frequent summarization group spent more time summarizing and less time in actually studying the material than the other groups. The latter explanation was supported when word counts of summaries were compared; the frequent group's mean word count for the summaries was 268.44, compared to a mean word count of 203.38 for the infrequent group. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (26th, Oklahoma City, OK, April 10-12, 1980).