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ERIC Number: ED186825
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Thoughts on Androgyny for the Counseling Psychologist.
Yager, Geoffrey G.; Baker, Sherry
Androgyny consists of the integration of relatively large numbers of both feminine and masculine sex-stereotyped characteristics. The androgynous person is viewed as a more adaptable individual. Several researchers have studied this "androgyny-equals-adaptability" hypothesis set forth by Bem (1974). Examination of this data yields a phenomenon labeled "masculine supremacy effect": masculine characteristics are related, particularly in correlational studies using pencil-and-paper measures, to adaptability, adjustment, and self-esteem within either gender. Feminine characteristics do not seem to be strongly related to these same variables. There are several potential explanations for the "masculine supremacy effect." Recommendations for future research in androgyny include: (1) an examination of factorial commonalities in prominently used scales; (2) a conceptualization of androgyny to permit its assessment on an interval scale; (3) research on the relationships between androgyny and intelligence; (4) research on the development of androgyny; (5) an examination of negatively valued traits; and (6) the development of an effective teaching approach to androgyny. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979). Best copy available.