ERIC Number: ED186794
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Reference Count: 0
Effects and Noneffects of Reinforcement for Academic Performance.
Broughton, Sam F.
Reinforcement for academic performance has been shown to increase both correct academic responding and rates of on-task behavior. Reinforcement for attending and on-task behavior has failed to increase correct academic responding in many studies, but it has produced vicarious and sociometric changes. The occurrence of vicarious and sociometric effects with academic contingencies was investigaged. Subjects were normal fourth-grade students with mild classroom behavior and math performance problems. One child in each of three pairs of students was reinforced for correct completion of math problems. Both treated and untreated children were observed to determine whether academic performance, classroom behavior, and sociometric status improved with treatment. Only the performance and behavior of treated children improved. Untreated children failed to improve substantially in math performance and actually deteriorated in on-task behavior. Sociometric status remained unchanged for all children. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the Midwestern Association of Behavior Analysis (4th, Chicago, IL, May 13-16, 1978).