ERIC Number: ED186708
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
The Role of Local School Boards in the Development and Direction of Programs of Occupational Education. Occasional Paper No. 58.
Shannon, Thomas A.
In focusing on local school board response to citizen desires for change in public school operations and on significant issues changing education from the perspective of school boards, three principles must be kept in mind: (1) public schools are controlled by three arms of government at three levels; (2) the federal government has limited powers; and (3) federal trends (concerning the federal government) are not coincidental with national trends (existing independently of the federal government). Issues of federal and national scope include severe student population decline, fewer students but richer programs, and expansion of federal control. States have reacted by emphasizing their power at the expense of local boards of education who are bypassed at the local level in favor of citizen advisory committees. School board concerns involve a trend against big government spending, administrative unionism, curriculum reform, vocational career education programs, and their role as coordinators of community educational resources in a more comprehensive approach to education. Parent and citizen involvement necessary to help school boards deal with these problems raises other problems: advisory committees versus school boards as final authority, support of the expanding group of senior citizens, and the relationship among the superintendent and advisory committee and school board. (YLB)
Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Board of Education Role, Boards of Education, Citizen Participation, Community Control, Educational Change, Government School Relationship, Local Government, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Program Development, School Community Relationship, School District Autonomy, Secondary Education, Speeches, Vocational Education
National Center Publications, The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, The Ohio State University, 1960 Kenny Rd., Columbus, OH 43210 ($1.90).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: Paper presented at the National Center for Research in Vocational Education (Columbus, OH, 1980).