ERIC Number: ED186298
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Art Education in One Dimension: Reaching into the Future from the Perspective of Ideology (1977). An Inquiry into the Process of Aesthetic Socialization During School Tours at an Art Museum (1978). Occasional Paper No. 4. Curriculum, Media & Instruction.
Johnson, Nancy R.
The document contains two essays on art and aesthetic education. The first examines the ideology of art education from the standpoint of phenomenological sociology. Using this approach, the researcher can adopt an ethnographic, historical, and/or cross-cultural approach to analyze how a phenomenon (for example, an ideology of art education) appears. These approaches reveal that beliefs about art education have been the same for at least 80 years. The overall aim appears to be to shape citizens who are achievement oriented, produce and consume excellence, and contribute to the progress of civilization. These views neglect the fact that art is a mode of giving meaning to one's experience. Also, both student teachers and children are dependent upon the art educator's power to define the structure of the art experience. The implications for art education research are numerous. The second paper reports results of a study of the aesthetic socialization of children during art museum tours. The researcher recorded verbal interchanges between museum personnel who are guides and children in an art museum for a three-month period. Results illustrate that museum guides indicated that art works of high value most often belong to the wealthy and privileged; one is to have feelings about artworks; artworks are to be looked at and enjoyed; and there are many social conceptions about art. Implications are that teachers and children are vulnerable to the guides' interpretations about art and aesthetic knowledge. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alberta Univ., Edmonton. Faculty of Education.
Note: For a related document, see SO 012 496. Not available from EDRS in paper copy due to poor reproducibility of original document.