ERIC Number: ED186157
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Report to Congress on Migration Submitted by the Appalachian Regional Commission.
Fowler, Gary L.; Rappaport, Jeff
Congressional mandate in 1975 directed that the Appalachian Regional Commission conduct a study on (1) the status of Appalachian migrants living in the destinations to which they had moved; (2) current migration patterns and implications; and (3) past and potential impact of Commission programs on outmigration and welfare of Appalachian migrants. The study utilized data from the Social Security Administration's continuous work history sample for 1965-70 and 1970-75. A dramatic reversal of migration occurred in the periods examined: between 1965-70 the Appalachian Region had a net loss from migration of 400,000 people; between 1970-75 the region had a net growth of 810,000 people with 300,000 migrating into the area. Outmigration dropped from 1.6 million in 1965-70 to 1.4 million in 1970-75. Apparently economic gains within the region during the second time period made outmigration less desirable. For both periods males had the highest inmigration and outmigration ratios. Outmigration seemed to produce favorable results, for most of the migrants made significant income and status gains relative to those who remained in Appalachia, with earnings in the destination regions rising rather quickly to the average of the new area. Evidence indicated that Appalachian migrants have received the health, education, and other services that enable them to compete successfully in their new settings. (DS)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Appalachian Regional Commission, Washington, DC.