ERIC Number: ED185628
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Social Orientation of Private Speech.
Pellegrini, A. D.
The intent of this study was to determine the extent to which preschool children's speech to self, their private speech, was differentiated from their social speech. Ten randomly chosen preschool children, six boys and four girls with a median age of 56 months, were observed in conditions supportive of oral communication (free play), and in conditions not supportive of oral communication (doing puzzles with a noncommunicative adult). The data suggested that the language of preschool children was sensitive to social context. Most private speech was generated in that situation where a response was likely to be elicited from another person. Discourse analysis showed that questions to self by preschool children had the same discourse structure as questions posed to another person. Analysis of individual utterances indicated that the children's private and social speech utterances were predicated (the syntactic subject was pronominalized or deleted). These data supported hypotheses that the language of young children is an outgrowth of their verbal interaction with another person. Thus, the private speech of preschool children in this study was undifferentiated from their social speech. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).