ERIC Number: ED185138
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Verbally Expressed Modes of Transformation in the Fantasy Play of Black Preschool Children.
McLoyd, Vonnie C.
This study examined the various ways in which children transform reality into fantasy during free play through the verbalized attribution of properties to objects, materials and situations which they do not actually possess. The dyadic social interactions of 36 black, low-income, preschool children aged 3-1/2 - 5 years old were observed and videotaped during a 20 minute free play session. Results indicate that about 40% of the children's utterances represented transformations. Girls made a significantly greater number of total transformations, and verbally attributed new identities to existing objects. Girls created relatively more imaginary objects without the use of physical referents and depicted relatively more imaginary roles than did boys. Boys attributed relatively more imaginary properties to objects than did girls. (Author/RLV)
Descriptors: Black Youth, Fantasy, Imagination, Low Income Groups, Preschool Education, Pretend Play, Sex Differences, Sex Role, Verbal Communication
Not available separately; See UD 020 192
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents see UD 020 192-209 and ED 18l 100