ERIC Number: ED184938
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
A Holistic Approach to the Social Studies.
The document explains the need for holistic social studies teaching methods, proposes a holistic model for use in a fourth grade social studies class, and places the model within the general context of social studies education. A holistic method is defined as a way of teaching which is cognitively and affectively integrated with individual development. The paper is presented in seven chapters. Chapter I traces social studies curriculum development from 1900 to the 1970s. Chapter II traces the development of a general psychology of cognition and affect with emphasis on research by psychologists Jean Piaget, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers. Chapters III and IV compare the cognitively-oriented psychology of Piaget with the affectively-oriented psychology of Maslow and relates both movements to education. Chapter V presents a model of an holistic social studies unit and illustrates it by activities designed for a fourth grade unit on early California Indians. Information is presented on arrangement of the classroom environment to enhance the unit, activities (simulations, reading assignments, note taking, class discussion, and library research), and evaluation procedures. Chapter VI analyzes cognitive and affective functions of the model. Chapter VII identifies cognitive and affective criteria used to evaluate classroom experience with the model. The document concludes with appendices including the monograph "Social Studies Techniques," by Helen Doolin, upon which the holistic model is based. (DB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Lutheran Coll., Thousand Oaks. Dept. of Education.