ERIC Number: ED184878
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Achievement and Participation of Women in Mathematics: An Overview. Report of a Two-Year Study.
Armstrong, Jane M.
The purpose of this study was to identify the most important factors related to the problem of women's participation in mathematics and to determine the relative importance of the factors to guide future research and intervention efforts. The vehicle for this study was a national survey of 1,452 13-year-olds and 1,788 high school seniors. The data collection centered upon achievement in mathematics, participation in mathematics, sex-role stereotyping, career and academic plans, the student's attitude toward mathematics, parental influence and the influence of significant other people in the student's life. Correlation and regression analyses were performed on the survey data to identify those factors which most affect participation and achievement in mathematics. The results of the study indicate that 13-year-old females start their high school mathematics career with at least the same ability as their male contemporaries. By the twelfth grade, males have overtaken females. The results also indicate that certain groups of variables open to intervention strategies are related to participation and that these variables predict participation. At the conclusion of this report, strategies are suggested which may increase mathematics participation in school programs. (Author/MK) Primary type of information provided by report: Results (Overview) (Sex).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. National Assessment of Educational Progress.