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ERIC Number: ED184698
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Ability, Affect, and Children's Out of School Activity and Interest Preferences.
Wolf, Fredric M.; Chandler, Theodore A.
This study examined the relationships between fourth graders' performance on two intelligence, eight achievement, three creative thinking, three attitude, and two locus of responsibility scales and their self-reported out of school preferences for activities involving (1) peers, (2) television, (3) radio, (4) adults or parents, (5) reading, and (6) something other than the preceding five activities. Because of absenteeism and/or failure to respond to all items, data for 42 to 52 children were used for statistical analyses. Findings showed that fourth graders who expressed a high preference for watching television perform more poorly on measures of non-language IQ, language and arithmetic achievement, locus of responsibility for achievement successes and failures, and attitudes toward school. Children who liked to spend time with peers or listening to the radio expressed lower internality and negative attitudes. Those who preferred to spend their out of school time reading or with adults, however, expressed higher internality and more positive attitudes. Playing with peers was clearly the most preferred non-school interest, while reading was least preferred. (Author/JMB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Phi Delta Kappa, Kent, OH.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).