ERIC Number: ED184299
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Reference Count: 0
An Inside View of Interlanguage.
A learner's awareness of success, failure, and error potential encountered in free speech in a second language was studied with three subjects. The speech of adult learners of English as a Second Language was recorded and replayed to the subjects, who were asked to listen to their utterances and to recall the mental experience that surrounded each utterance. The subjects were asked to use categories to aid in recalling and characterizing their metalinguistic awareness during speech. Recording and self-analysis were carried out on a weekly basis for 10 weeks. A search was then made for grammatical structures that appeared frequently throughout the data. Each example was checked for progress over the 10-week period in the hope of discovering whether a growing awareness of error preceded mastery of the structure. Among the findings are the following: (1) the learners did not recognize 65 percent of their errors, even with the aid of the tape recorder and time for reflection; (2) when the subjects did identify and attempt to correct an error, they were successful in that correction 89 percent of the time; (3) there was a significant difference between learners' recognition of errors while speaking and their recognition of errors upon hearing the tape; and (4) awareness of error just before or just after the moment of speaking resulted in only 8 percent improvement in performance. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Los Angeles Second Language Research Forum (1st, Los Angeles, CA, February 11-13, 1977). Figures may be marginally legible. Best copy available.