ERIC Number: ED184092
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Time Course of Lexical Ambiguity Resolution in Context. Technical Report No. 164.
Seidenberg, Mark S.; And Others
Two experiments on the processing of lexical ambiguities in spoken prose were conducted using college students as subjects. The studies focused on noun-noun ambiguities, e.g. "straw" and "organ." The experiments utilized a variable stimulus onset asynchrony priming paradigm in which an auditory stimulus is followed at a variable interval (either 0 or 200 milliseconds) by a target word related to one meaning of the ambiguous word. For example, "Although the farmer bought the straw..." would be followed by "hay" or "sip." In the first experiment, with ambiguous words appearing in contexts that did not favor either reading, subjects accessed multiple readings or meanings at one millisecond but retained only a single reading 200 milliseconds later. In the second experiment, with ambiguous words appearing in contexts that provided semantic information relevant to only one reading, listeners accessed only a single reading at both stimulus onsets. The results suggest that selective access will occur for this class of ambiguous words when a word in the context primes one reading of a subsequent ambiguous word. (Author/MKM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.