ERIC Number: ED184076
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Visual Attention During Sentence Verification.
Lucas, Peter A.
Eye movement data were collected for 28 college students reading 32 sentences with sentence verification questions. The factors observed were target sentence voice (active/passive), probe voice, and correct response (true/false). Pairs of subjects received the same set of stimuli, but with agents and objects in the sentences reversed. As expected, sentence voice and probe voice interacted strongly, such that reaction times were faster when these voices matched. The majority of additional response time produced by voice mismatch was attributed to decision processes occurring after the initial reading of the sentence. The relatively long times typically spent on the second noun phrase of the probe sentences seemed to reflect post-perceptual cognitive manipulations of the semantic information from the two sentences. This result supported a weak version of the "immediate linguistic awareness" hypothesis, in which the sentence is read and encoded into some unspecified internal representation prior to the comparison process. In a two-stage model of this particular reading task, an active primary linguistic encoding stage transformed the visual stimulus into some internal representation that was placed in a buffer store until an appropriate time for further semantic processing. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 8-12, 1979). For related documents see CS 005 071, CS 005 321-323 and ED 178 861.