ERIC Number: ED184075
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Context on the Visual Perception of Words in Reading.
The eye movements/fixations of 20 college students reading video displays of texts were monitored to determine how readers fixate a word that is linguistically and contextually redundant and whether readers use less visual information when perceiving these highly redundant words. The texts were manipulated so that a target noun was paired with adjectives presumed to be either high or low in contextual probability (redundancy). A particular type of spelling error also was introduced into the target noun. Similar percentages for fixating the target noun were found in both the high and low redundancy conditions; but the subjects did spend more time fixating the target noun in the low redundancy condition. On the average, subjects spent more time fixating the noun when it had the substitution error in the high redundancy condition than in the correct spelling condition. The effect of the spelling error was even more pronounced in the low redundancy condition. Since the most striking feature of the data is that differences between high/low redundancy conditions were very small, it appears that contextual influence on eye movement patterns was slight, raising doubts about the popular notion that interword context influences reading behavior. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 8-12, 1979). For related documents see CS 005 071, CS 005 321-323 and ED 178 861.