ERIC Number: ED183993
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Counselor Cognitive Complexity Effects on Counselor-Client Interaction Patterns.
Heck, Edward J.; Lichtenberg, James W.
Assuming that counseling is an interlocking system of mutual influence and that the effect of various counselor/client responses on the behavior of the other is probabilistic, then it becomes important to understand what categories of factors contribute to the probabilistic tendencies of counselor and client to respond in different ways. One category of factors potentially affecting differential response patterns, cognitive complexity, was investigated based on the assumption that if counselors and clients differ in their styles of processing interpersonal stimuli, these differences will generate different interaction sequences. Counselor trainees (N=41) were split into two complexity groups through a cluster analysis of five measures of cognitive complexity. Each trainee conducted a counseling interview with two clients responding on the basis of a different cognitive style. Each verbal utterance of counselor and client was classified into one of four interaction process categories. For the sequence of response transitions generated by each counselor/client grouping, transition probabilities were estimated and organized into a transition matrix, then analyzed using chi square. The analyses showed that the complexity level of counselors and clients contribute to different interactional patterns and that these process differences were significant only during the early stages of the interview process. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979); Best copy available