ERIC Number: ED183992
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Sex Differences in Adjustment to Widowhood.
Areas of morale, health, perceived income adequacy, stress, interaction with family and friends, and attitude toward life in retirement, were examined to determine the existence, degree, and direction of sex differences among widowed persons. Survey data from 161 widowed respondents from a study of 1100 adults aged 50 or older were analyzed. Married respondents (N=707) were also examined as a basis for comparison. Hypotheses tested were drawn from Berardo's thesis that greater adjustment difficulties occurred among male survivors. Nearly all hypotheses were rejected. The only significant differences between widows and widowers were in the areas of stress (with higher proportions of women reporting stress-related symptoms) and interaction (men had lower levels of frequency of interaction but higher satisfaction with the amount of contact). (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Miami Univ., Oxford, OH.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (32nd, Washington, DC, November 25-29, 1979); Best copy available