ERIC Number: ED183980
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Treatment of Helpless Children: Examination of Some Potentially Therapeutic Influences.
Sparta, Steven N.
Some children exhibit a pattern of debilitating behavior characterized as helplessness. Within an achievement context, such children can be observed to initiate few constructive activities, to work with little intensity on those activities already attempted, and to persist at a task only moderately--especially following failure. A stratified random sample of 54 public school children were studied within three different experimental conditions, in order to ascertain the relative effectiveness of each. The three conditions were an attribution-change group, a self-management group, and a positive reinforcement group. Results of multivariate analyses of nine dependent measures showed significantly "better" changes within the attribution group on qualitative-motivational indices, using variables related to initiation (number of math problems solved), persistence (amount of time-on-task activity), and carefulness (number of problems correct and a positive accuracy ratio). (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979)