ERIC Number: ED183630
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
An Evaluation of the Emergency School Aid Act Nonprofit Organizations Program; Evaluation Study, Executive Summary.
Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budgeting, and Evaluation.
One component of the Emergency School Aid Act (ESAA) is the Nonprofit Organization Program (NPO), under which local groups funded for this purpose carry out a program designed to support the development or implementation of a public school desegregation plan. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of NPO groups compared with non-ESAA community organizations. It concludes that NPOs are less effective than non-ESAA community organizations, and that this is the result of procedures instituted in 1971 by the U.S. Office of Education, which require school district review of NPO proposals. Most community groups believe that they cannot engage in advocacy activity or citizen action and retain school district approval, and they generally resolve this problem either by submitting NPO applications for non-controversial educational service activities, or by not applying for NPO funds. Non-ESAA groups tend to emphasize advocacy and desegregation-specific activities, which are generally more effective than the educational service activities emphasized by NPOs. It is also reported that communities receiving ESAA NPO awards have a low need for desegregation aid. Recommendations are that: (1) funding be targeted on recently desegregated communities; (2) advocacy activities closely linked to school desegregation be promoted rather than education service activities; and (3) NPOs be made less subject to school district approval and influence. (Author/RLV)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budgeting, and Evaluation.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Emergency School Aid Act 1972