ERIC Number: ED183582
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research.
National Commission for the Proptection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, Bethesda, MD.
Recognizing the complex issues involved in the use of human subjects for research, the authors have outlined three ethical principles and guidelines, distinguished between research and practice, and discussed the application of the principles. In general, practice refers to interventions designed to enhance the well-being of clients and which can reasonably be expected to succeed. Research refers to activities involving hypothesis testing, drawing conclusions, and contributing to generalizable knowledge. The three principles include: (1) respect for persons, involving treating individuals as autonomous agents or providing protection for those with diminished capabilities; (2) beneficence, meaning obligatory attention to complementary actions of not harming individuals and of increasing benefits while minimizing possible harm; and (3) justice, implying the equitable distribution of derived benefits and the selection of subjects so that a particular class of persons is not systematically chosen because of easy availability, compromised position or manipulability (rather than for reasons directly related to research needs). The following requirements are also discussed: informed consent; sufficient sharing of information with subjects, including research procedures and purpose, risks and benefits, alternative procedures, and the option of withdrawing; and comprehension by the subject of this information. (MH)
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Codes of Ethics, Guidelines, Health Services, Human Dignity, Information Needs, Moral Values, Research, Research Methodology, Sampling, Scientific Methodology, Social Discrimination, Standards
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 017-040-00433-8, $1.50).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Commission for the Proptection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, Bethesda, MD.