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ERIC Number: ED183453
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Feb-14
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Notes on the origins of the Educational Terms Class and Curriculum. Discussion Paper.
Hamilton, David; And Others
This paper examines the origins of the two educational terms--class and curriculum. The authors believe that an understanding of the origins of key words in education may contribute not only to the history of education but also to the wider development of educational theory. The paper argues that the emergence of classes (in the modern sense) arose not so much from an increase in school size as from shifts in patterns of school attendance. Currently, the earliest known use of class occurs in a description of the University of Paris written by Robert Goulet and printed in 1517. From the 16th century to the Industrial Revolution, the term class developed three distinct meanings. First, it was used in universities and large schools to refer to a cohort of students (e.g., the class of 76). Second, it referred to a teaching room (Goulet's original use). Third, it came to mean a relatively small group of students, usually engaged upon a common task. The paper associates the emergence of curriculum with the rise of Calvinism. The earliest source of the term curriculum in the Oxford English Dictionary is a mention in the records of Glasgow University for 1633. During the Reformation, Glasgow University underwent a series of reorganizations intended to turn the University to more "definitely Protestant ends." In this reorganization process the term curriculum was used. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Convention of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980); Not available in paper copy from EDRS due to fading ink throughout original