ERIC Number: ED183450
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of School Structure on the Self-Esteem of Vulnerable Adolescents.
Simmons, Roberta G.; And Others
Results of a study to determine the impact of transition from elementary to junior high school on students' self-esteem are reported. The study, conducted from 1974 to 1976, followed 798 students from 18 elementary schools in Milwaukee from grade 6 to grade 7. The students represented K-8 schools which involved no change of school and K-6 schools, both predominately white, and K-6 predominately black schools. Students were interviewed privately to determine their degree of self-esteem and vulnerability. They responded to questions concerning their perception of their looks, their school performance, and peer and teacher attitudes about them. Results indicated that in terms of self-esteem, white adolescent girls who have entered the new environment of junior high school appear to be at a disadvantage in comparison to boys in general and to girls who do not have to change schools in the 7th grade. Also, the child who has been vulnerable prior to the change is less capable of making the transition without damage to self-esteem. The girl who has to make a radical environmental change from an elementary into a junior high school and who has not succeeded the year before is the child most at risk. (Author/KC)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Black Students, Educational Environment, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Emotional Adjustment, Environmental Influences, Females, Grade 6, Grade 7, Junior High Schools, Males, Self Concept, Self Esteem, Sex Differences, Student Adjustment, Transfer Students, White Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Grant Foundation, New York, NY.; Office of Naval Research, London (England).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (Boston, MA, August 27-31, 1979)