ERIC Number: ED183249
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Age, Sex, and Income Level Effects on Sex-Role Differentiation in Preschoolers.
Suter, Barbara; And Others
Sex-role differentiation in 337, 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old boys and girls, approximately equally divided into lower- and middle-income groups, was measured by five sex-role tests: (1) the Draw A Person Test (DAP); (2) Occupational Preference Test (OPT); (3) Nadelman Recall Test (NRT); (4) Toy Preference Test (TPT); and (5) It Scale for Children, Biller modification (BIT). A composite score was also used for increased reliability. In order to investigate the reliability of the measure, the study was replicated. It was hypothesized that sex-role differentiation would be evident by age 3 for boys and girls at both lower and middle-income levels; that such differentiation would increase with age; and that lower-income children would show stronger sex-role differentiation than middle-income children. The results showed that boys and girls differed significantly on all tests and the composite at each age level; that boys and girls were significantly more differentiated from each other with age on the composite score; and that the age-by-sex interaction was significant on the DAP and BIT in Study I, and the BIT, TPT, and NRT in Study II. Income level had only little effect on sex role differentiation. The findings are discussed in light of previous studies. Implications of the results for the use of sex-role tests are also discussed. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A