ERIC Number: ED183073
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
The Pedagogics of Problem Solving. R&D for Higher Education, 1979:10.
Eliasson, Ingvar; And Others
A project was conducted at the University of Goteborg in Sweden to study how students of statistics make use of their knowledge when they solve statistical problems and how this knowledge utilization can be improved. The initial study objectives were to identify deficiencies and limitations pertaining to students' knowledge utilization and to formulate principles regarding how students should make use of their knowledge in a better way. The project's purpose was widened to include studies of the nature of the students' statistical knowledge and not just how the knowledge is used. The investigation has provided a foundation for viewpoints on how the transmission of knowledge itself ought to take place and on how the examination can be conducted. A literature survey was conducted which focused on process-oriented research. The literature survey was followed by a more generally oriented report dealing with how process models of problem-solving formulated in psychology can be applied pedagogically to statistical problem-solving, for instance. One area of consideration was the importance of understanding-oriented instruction in problem-solving. Empirical studies were conducted on how students solve statistical problems; attempts to influence the detection of errors by instruction; awareness of errors in problem-solving; and what conditions must exist for problem-solvers to be able to eliminate their errors. Study results are summarized in the form of advice to a problem-solving statistics student. (SW)
Descriptors: College Students, Educational Research, Higher Education, Knowledge Level, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Literature Reviews, Models, Problem Solving, Psychological Studies, Statistics
National Board of Universities and Colleges, R&D Unit, P.O. Box 45501, S-104 30 Stockholm, Sweden.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Swedish Board of Universities and Colleges, Stockholm. Research and Development Unit.
Note: For related document see HE 012 318