ERIC Number: ED183014
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May
Evaluating and Designing Language Teaching Materials. Practical Papers in English Language Education, Volume 2.
Candlin, Christopher N.; Breen, Michael P.
This article offers teachers a comprehensive set of questions to ask themselves in evaluating their instructional materials and offers proposals for the adaptation and design of materials. These suggestions are postulated on a definition of language as communication and language teaching as a communicative process. The following are discussed: (1) the appropriateness of materials to the teaching situation and the curriculum; (2) the content of the materials; (3) the teaching-learning activities the material should promote; and (4) new directions for materials design. The central concern of the paper is the appropriateness of the materials to the methodology. The evaluation, adaptation, and innovation of language teaching materials must be based on methodological criteria. Methodology incorporates two sets of related criteria: criteria for the selection and organization of content and that which determines the type and range of the teaching-learning activities. Content should be information and data that are cognitively and affectively significant to the learner and that stimulates negotiation in an interpersonal context. Content should be sequenced so as to maintain continuity throughout the materials. Activities rather than models and differentiation rather than predictability underlie the diagrammatic summary of decisions to be made in designing an activity with the materials. (PMJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lancaster Univ. (England). Inst. for English Language Education.