ERIC Number: ED183005
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Effect of Sojourner Housinq Situations on Second Language Acquisition.
St. Martin, Gail M.
This study investigated the development of language proficiency of 83 foreign students of English as a second language who were living in English-speaking American homes during their 14-week intensive formal language program. Statistical comparison with non-homestay students revealed that homestay students achieved significantly higher course grades and higher scores on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). However, significant differences in the TOEFL overall and reading comprehension scores seemed to be more a function of native languaqe than either home-residency or sex. Home-residency seemed to be the factor most correlated with grades. The study is deemed to lend support to the assumption that the best way to acquire language competency is to live in an environment where the language of study is used. It is speculated that the success of homestay students may be the result of practicing the second language in a relaxed atmosphere; also, it is possible that the student who chooses a homestay is likely to be outgoing and highly motivated to learn a foreign language. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language