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ERIC Number: ED182985
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Production, Comprehension, and Theories of the Mental Lexicon. CUNYForum, Numbers 5-6.
Cowart, Wayne
Problems related to the structure of the mental lexicon are considered. The single access assumption, the passive memory assumption, and the heterogeneous memory assumption are rejected in favor of the theory which assumes several active memories, each able to store expression based on only one homogenous set of abstract primitives. One lexicon provides a systematic phonemic description of each morpheme and another supplies a syntactic description of each item. The third contains the semantic description of every item in the phonemic lexicon and description of any syntactic elements that do not appear in the phonemic lexicon. Each lexicon stores only one kind and all of that kind of information. In comprehension, each lexicon compares the input to its contents. If it finds a mismatch, it withdraws as a possible analyzer of input and passes the item on to the next lexicon. This serial odering prevents errors in comprehension. Errors in production, such as malapropisms (which form the empirical motivation for the hypothesis) occur because output is planned simultaneously rather than serially. Through this theory of discrete components of the human language performance system, various disorders defined as the disruption of some subset of components may be predicted. (PMJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Graduate School and Univ. Center. Program in Linguistics.