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ERIC Number: ED182727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Retention of Prose Following Testing with Different Types of Test.
Duchastel, Philippe C.
Fifty-seven secondary school students were involved in a study that examined the effects of three types of initial tests on later retention: a short answer test, a multiple choice test, and a full free recall test. Questions on the first two of these tests covered only half of the passage contents. The subjects studied a brief history text before taking one of the initial tests. Later retention was compared for both initially tested content and untested content with that of a control group not initially tested on the passage. All were given retention tests two weeks later. The classical testing effect (enhanced retention due to initial testing) was shown to be influenced by the type of initial test used. Thus, a testing effect was evident in the case of the initial short answer test, but not in the case of either of the other two tests. The testing effect was found not to generalize to untested content, and in one condition (the initial multiple choice test), retention of untested content was depressed. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980)