ERIC Number: ED182462
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Factors Related to Underrepresentation of Women in Vocational Education Administration: A Literature Review. Research and Development Series No. 152.
Bowers, Ellen; Hummel, Judythe
The three purposes of a literature review were to (1) document factors relating to the underrepresentation of women in vocational education administration, (2) establish a sound data base for dissemination, and (3) encourage other project and program work toward attaining sex equity in vocational education administration. Ten interpersonal factors and five organizational factors were identified and examined. Although no one factor could be cited as solely responsible, the literature clearly indicated that a number of factors are inextricably bound together in the underrepresentation of women. Some studies indicated how women perceive themselves and their career goals; others related to the perception of others with whom they interact, including family, friends, and employers. Organizational factors such as admission and hiring practices and communications patterns were identified as barriers. Although legislative mandates now prohibit policies and procedures which discriminate against women, an organization must look beyond the law and actively implement strategies to erase the more subtle, traditional patterns of practice which have been ingrained into organizations. A two-pronged redirection for research and development efforts is recommended: (1) an investigation of strategies and intervention processes focused on both external and internal change to affect administrative decision makers and (2) examination of the benefits accruing to vocational education as women are appointed to decision-making positions. (MEK)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Administrators, Change Strategies, Employers, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Interpersonal Relationship, Literature Reviews, Organizational Change, Organizational Climate, Research Needs, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Social Influences, Vocational Education, Work Environment
National Center Publications, The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, The Ohio State University, 1960 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210 ($6.75).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.