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ERIC Number: ED182017
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Oct
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Hidden Injuries of Poverty: A Note on Cultural Aspects.
Wilson, Harriett
This brief note, prepared for the 1979 International Congress on Children in the Fourth World (UNESCO), discusses effects of poverty on children. It is suggested that inadequate incomes prevent attainment of culturally prescribed levels of social experience or performance. Families subjected to long-term poverty tend to develop adaptive patterns of living in stressful circumstances. Parental activities among the poor are influenced by greater family size, overcrowded housing conditions, and high population density in deprived urban areas. Methods of parenting are adapted to these constraints. The value orientation of poor children is shaped on a collective basis. Mothering is usually delegated to older children when the young are at play in streets and yards. These parenting methods are detrimental to the development of the child's language and sense of personal importance. The absence of privacy and limitation of space prevent the development of creative activities, manipulative skills, and concentration. The need for nursery experiences and for compensatory school programs for disadvantaged children is no longer questioned. However, the effects of special programs tend to fade as the children get older, especially among children whose home circumstances remain poor. Preschool nursery provisions should be made available to all disadvantaged children for their intrinsic rather than instrumental value. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress on Children of the Fourth World (Paris, France, October 6-7, 1979)