ERIC Number: ED182003
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Communication and Play Behaviors of a Deaf Preschooler and His Younger Sibling.
Kaplan, Barbara J.; McHale, Frederick J.
This study investigates communication and play behaviors of a deaf preschooler and his younger brother. Observations of four free play sessions suggests that to some extent the normal pattern of sibling interaction was altered. Videotape analysis of the play sessions revealed that a substantial number of the hearing child's communications were not perceived by his deaf sibling. The younger child did not repeat those attempts. Behaviors were coded for location, communication attempts, interactions, use of play materials, movement and several affiliative behaviors. Among the findings, manipulation of play materials fell within the normal range of dyadic interactions reported for preschoolers. Cooperation and proximity were maintained with each child equally likely to imitate the behavior of the other. Affiliative, proximity-seeking and contact-terminating behaviors were almost equally shared. Though normal for three- and four-year olds, the brothers' use and extent of communiction was minimal. Cooperative play depended on one child physically following the other. Interactions were initiated and maintained through proximal contacts and were focused on play material. No hostile aggression was observed. Communications not perceived resulted in reduced interaction (missed communication typically leads to a deaf child's increased isolation from the family), and this along with a dearth of symbolic communications may affect the social and cognitive development of both children. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, CA, March 15-18, 1979)