ERIC Number: ED181832
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Research Excellence Through the Year 2000. The Importance of Maintaining a Flow of New Faculty into Academic Research. A Report with Recommendations of the Committee on Continuity in Academic Research Performance.
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.
Recent and anticipated declines in openings for new science and engineering faculty are examined, along with recommendations for national policies to counteract this. It is suggested that the decline stems from two key sources: an absence of growth in total faculty size, and low rates of retirement among present tenured faculty. The extent of the expected shortfall in hiring differs considerably by field. Some fields (such as physics) already have an accumulated hiring shortfall of several years duration. In others a shortfall is just emerging, and in still others significant reductions in hiring new faculty may not emerge at all. Faculty age, retirement rate, and enrollment projections are also discussed as they relate to the expected shortage in new faculty openings. It is suggested that damage to the nation's research effort is likely to result from the expected constriction in the flow of new faculty for three reasons: (1) the rate of research innovation, the inflow of new ideas, and the vitality of the research environment will be impaired; (2) continuity in the education and socialization of succeeding generations of researchers will be threatened; and (3) the perceived lack of opportunities for an academic career may discourage able and creative young people from pursuing careers in basic scientific research. To ensure an adequate flow of new faculty into research producing universities and to foster the research efforts of outstanding present faculty, it is recommended that the National Science Foundation establish a program of research excellence awards. The specifics of this program are detailed. (SF)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Career Opportunities, College Faculty, Doctoral Degrees, Educational Quality, Engineering, Federal Aid, Futures (of Society), Government Role, Higher Education, Position Papers, Research and Development Centers, Research Opportunities, Researchers, Retirement, Retrenchment, Scientific Research
Office of Publications, National Academy of Sciences, 2100 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 204l8
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.