ERIC Number: ED181773
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
New Approaches to Management: Creating Practical Systems of Management Information and Management by Objectives.
Baldridge, J. Victor; Tierney, Michael L.
A nationwide longitudinal study was undertaken by the Higher Education Research Institute in Los Angeles to study the impact of Exxon Education Foundation's Resource Allocation Management Program on the 49 institutions receiving grants under the program. The focus was the behavioral consequences of management changes for administrators, staff, and students. Two kinds of developments were examined: (1) computer-based management information systems for collecting and analyzing institutional data and (2) management by objectives systems in which each institutional unit determines its goals and the methods for evaluating their achievement. The variety of approaches that different institutions have taken in setting up these systems are described, and actions and practices that are necessary to assure successful implementation are indicated. The systems' impact on organizational planning processes, resource allocation decisions, problem-solving capabilities of administrators, financial stability of institutions, relations between administrators and faculty, and student performance is examined. The usefulness and cost-effectiveness of the systems and recommendations for designing and installing them are discussed. Additional findings about cost control in general within higher education, involving both management innovation and other economies, are also presented. (SW)
Descriptors: College Administration, Computer Oriented Programs, Cost Effectiveness, Data Processing, Decision Making, Grants, Higher Education, Institutional Evaluation, Longitudinal Studies, Management by Objectives, Management Information Systems, National Surveys, Organizational Development, Philanthropic Foundations, Problem Solving, Program Evaluation, Resource Allocation, Student Evaluation, Teacher Administrator Relationship
Jossey-Bass, Inc., 433 California St., San Francisco, CA 94104 ($12.95)
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: EXXON Education Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Research Inst., Inc., Los Angeles, CA.