ERIC Number: ED181682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Acknowledgement of Handicap on Social Interactions.
Wildfogel, Jeffrey; Hastorf, Albert H.
Three studies investigating the behavior of nonhandicapped people in the presence of handicapped individuals and a possible tactic for reducing the nonhandicapped individual's discomfort are reported. In Studies One and Two, nonhandicapped Ss watched two videotapes of paraplegics in wheelchairs being interviewed. Each S then chose the handicapped person with whom he/she preferred to work. In Study One, Ss significantly preferred a handicapped person who acknowledged his handicap to one who did not acknowledge his handicap. In Study Two, Ss still preferred the acknowledging handicapped individual over the one who did not acknowledge his handicap even when the acknowledging individual was clearly nervous about doing so. Study Three employed an interview like situation in which a confederate of the experimenter appeared as either handicapped or nonhandicapped. In compairson to Ss who interacted with the nonacknowledging handicapped confederate, Ss who interacted with the handicapped confederate who acknowledged his handicap displayed significantly less discomfort and biased behaviors. There were no differences in the behavior of the Ss who interacted with the nonhandicapped confederate and those who interacted with the handicapped confederate who acknowledged his handicap. (Author/PHR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.; Stanford Univ., CA. Boys Town Center for the Study of Youth Development.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September, 1979)