ERIC Number: ED181577
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
A Survey of Special Education Costs in Local School Districts. An Assessment of the Local Impact of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, P.L. 94-142.
National School Boards Association, Washington, DC.
This survey, collected during February and March 1979, assessed the costs imposed on school districts by the special education needs of the handicapped, especially the costs incurred in response to P.L. 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. Usable questionnaires were returned by 261 local school districts (enrolling 11 percent of the total national enrollment) from around the country. Findings included the following: (1) Cost differentials between special education and regular programs will continue to widen. (2) Most school districts must place some handicapped students in instructional settings outside the district's facilities. (3) Small districts must place a larger percentage of handicapped pupils outside the district than do large districts. (4) Local school districts identify federal mandates as the most significant factor contributing to rising special education costs. (5) The cost ratio between the education of the handicapped and regular education is at least two to one. (6) The respondents identified an average of approximately 9 percent of their total enrollment as in need of special education services, with the number ranging from 1 percent to 22 percent. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Federal Legislation, Handicapped Students, National Surveys, Program Costs, School Districts, Special Education
National School Boards Association, Office of Federal Relations, 1055 Thomas Jefferson Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20007 ($5.00 prepaid)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National School Boards Association, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education for All Handicapped Children Act