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ERIC Number: ED181424
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Dec
Pages: 75
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Verb Semantic Structures in Memory for Sentences: Evidence for Componential Representation. Technical Report No. 151.
Gentner, Dedre
Two hypotheses were tested in three experiments concerned with the componential storage of meaning. The complexity hypothesis predicted that a verb with many subpredicates would lead to poor memory strength between the surrounding nouns. The connectivity hypothesis predicted that verbs with many subpredicates would lead to greater memory strength between nouns in cases where the additional subpredicates provided semantic connections between the nouns. In the experiments, the subjects recalled subject-verb-object sentences, given subject nouns as cues. General verbs with relatively few subpredicates were compared with more specific verbs whose additional subpredicates either did or did not provide additional connections between the surrounding nouns. The level of recall of the object noun, given the subject noun as cue, was predicted by the relative number of connecting subpredicates in the verb, but not by the relative number of subpredicates. This finding supported the connectivity hypothesis over the complexity hypothesis. The results are interpreted in terms of a model in which the verb conveys a structured set of subpredicates in a connective memory framework. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Washington Univ., Seattle. Dept. of Psychology.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.