ERIC Number: ED181276
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Shift Workers: A Descriptive Analysis of Worker Characteristics.
National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Force Experience (NLS) data were used to describe those people who work outside the traditional 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. work day. Depending on the approximate time of day they worked, respondents were classified into four categories of workers: day, evening, night, and split shift (working hours interrupted by a period of nonworking hours). The majority, day workers, were in general more prestigious, well-paid positions which require more education. Females or young persons (18-20) comprised more of the shorter hour, lower wage evening or split shift workers. This group, as well as night workers, were more likely to live in urban areas outside the South and were employed in manufacturing, transportation, service, wholesale, and retail sales industries. Evening workers were more likely to be unionized. Night shift workers had worked at their jobs approximately as long as day workers. Almost no women worked in agriculture and construction while transportation and public utilities tend to employ females during the day but men at night. The opposite was characteristic of wholesale and retail sales, except that young men (19-29) often worked at night. Finance and insurance industries employed men more often on split shifts, employing females and young men during the day. Shift worker personnel and job related characteristics appear to be a function of both industry and occupation. (MEK)
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Demography, Employees, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Females, Individual Characteristics, Industry, Labor Force, Males, National Surveys, Occupational Surveys, Occupations, Sex Differences, Wages, Working Hours, Young Adults
Center for Human Resource Research, College of Administrative Science, The Ohio State University, 5701 N. High St., Worthington, OH 43085 ($0.80)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.