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ERIC Number: ED180867
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug-4
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Barriers to Effective Intercultural Communication in Family Planning.
Alcalay, Rina; Caldiz, Laura
The document addresses communication problems between Anglo-American family planning counselors and Latin-American clients. Cultural differences in attitudes toward family, work, and sexuality are examined. The extended family provides the Latin-American woman with positive self-identity and serves as a source of social relations; it also favors and facilitates raising a large number of children. In contrast, family structure in the United States is characterized as nuclear; the woman is socially isolated if she remains solely in the role of housewife. Also, because of the absence of the extended family, the task of rearing children is the responsibility of the couple. Thus, work becomes a source of identity, influence, and social relations for the Anglo-American woman. On the other hand, labor laws in almost all Latin American countries make it easier for women to have and bring up children than does North American legislation. For example, obligatory day nurseries exist at locations which employ more than a minimum number of women. Finally, the greater difficulties in obtaining sex information as well as cultural obstacles, such as the Catholic church, increase the risk of unwanted pregnancies for Latin-American women. The easier access to relevant information and explicit discussion of sexual matters increase family planning alternatives for Anglo-American women. The conclusion is that the advantages of a radical limitation in the number of children are not clear cut in a Latin culture. Effective intercultural communication must be based on this knowledge. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the Speech Communication Association Intercultural Communication Conference (Honolulu, HI, August 4, 1979)