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ERIC Number: ED180737
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Paraprofessionals in Rural Development. Concept Paper.
Colle, Royal D.; And Others
To establish a better knowledge base concerning the role of developing nation paraprofessionals in facilitating rural poor access to public services and in order to identify problems that arise in developing these patterns of service, an extensive literature search and compilation and analysis of over 50 health projects and 30 agricultural projects according to a set of 25 variables were performed. Paraprofessionals were denoted as those front-line workers with minimal education serving a semiautonomous role in the delivery of health and agricultural services. Results showed that considerably more research and attention have been focused on new levels of health personnel than on similar role capacities in agriculture services. Training materials, curricula, audio-visual aids, supervision procedures for the village health worker, plus extensive classification systems of health personnel have been developed. In contrast, this research activity represents the first effort to compile data on agriculture paraprofessionals. Findings also showed two major areas have been continually neglected-evaluation measures and community involvement. This seemed especially noteworthy since perhaps the major rationale for using low-level paraprofessionals involves their cost effectiveness as inexpensive personnel with a cultural affinity to the community which promotes participation in development. Further investigation and analysis will be required to confirm the hypothesis that the effectiveness, efficiency, and responsiveness of paraprofessionals will vary directly with their success in linking with participatory local organizations. (Author/NEC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Center for International Studies.