ERIC Number: ED180699
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Indian Education: Funding Sources for Public Schools.
Lockart, Barbetta L.
Although provisions in countless treaties have mandated Indian educational services, federal and state governments were for many years unenthusiastic about accepting the responsibility for educating the Indian people. Inadequately funded educational services provided by the Bureau of Indian Affairs did little to reflect the realities and needs of the people and Tribes they affected. Yet although the past history of Indian Education has been beset with problems, successful programs are also occurring, and money for the education of Indian children is available to public schools through such legislation as Public Law (PL) 81-815; PL 81-874, Johnson O'Malley funds, and the Indian Education Act of 1972. Other aid sources include Title I, ESEA (Pl 89-10); Title VII, Bilingual Education; the RIF "Reading is Fun" program; and Ethnic Heritage grants. This paper describes each of these funding sources and includes such information as funding formulas, what the funds may be used for, and benefits or shortcomings within the various programs. Some of the most frequently advanced complaints against Indian education programs and legislation are discussed, including (1) inadequate funding levels, (2) misuse of funds, (3) programs not designed to meet local needs, and (4) duplication of services within the various programs. (DS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Indian Education Act 1972; Johnson O Malley Act